Research by a California State University, Fresno professor has revealed new evidence that a major Native American civilization existed in North America centuries before the birth of Christ.
The Venutian mathematical formula used for the ancient calendars of the Americas has been discovered in pictographs in the Redlands of Utah by Dr. Cecilio Orozco, a professor of teacher education at CSU, Fresno.
Dr. Orozco said the pictographs, dating 500 years or more before the birth of Christ, are at the epicenter of the site of the ancient "Nahuatl" [Four Waters] civilization. This land of the four waters is the ancient home of the Mexica [The People of the Sun]. The Rivers are the Green, the Colorado, the San Juan and the new river formed by their confluence at Lake Powell, the Grand Canyon, and Lake Mead.
Dr. Orozco said, " The Redlands is the place where the Mexica started the great migration, about 502 B.C., prompted by a major drought. The migration took them eventually to the valley where they found the eagle devouring the serpent and they founded Tenochtitlan [Mexico City].
Ten years ago Dr. Orozco saw the first picture in Utah and identified a knotted string formula of the Venutian synodic revolutions.
"The use of knots of strings to represent numbers," said Dr. Orozco, " has been attributed exclusively to the Incas of South America. But, I found this numerical representation in many of the pictographs of the Nahuatl."
On a recent expedition, Dr. Orozco was joined by Dr. Alfonso Rivas-Salmon of the Universidad Autonoma de Guadalajara in Mexico. Dr. Rivas is the person who deciphered the "Aztec Calendar" in which the story of the four great migrations of the Mexica is told. Dr. Orozco wrote a book based on the research done by Professor Rivas.
The expedition and the discovery of the formulas culminate 20 years of research which Dr. Orozco under took with his mentor and professor in Mexico.
Professor Rivas had pinpointed the last two migrations from Aztlan [Land of Egrets] and the Chicomostoc [Seven Cities] to Mexico City.
The recent expedition was organized to pinpoint the previous migration from the "Land of the Four Waters," and to verify the Venutian formula which gave Professor Rivas the basis for deciphering the Mexica and Maya calendars. Dr. Orozco's find in Utah has provided a missing link in American history.
Dr. Orozco said, " With the new discovery and the evidence before us, we must now reevaluate much of our thinking. A discovery of this magnitude poses many new questions, the main one being the direction of the flow of knowledge in America and the world."
Many of the figures observed, which include a four-year cycle and an eight-year cycle, are dated 500 B.C. and earlier. The University of Utah has dated figurines from caves in the same area around 4350 to 4650 B.C.
Dr. Orozco said, " We must now reevaluate our thinking about the greatness and antiquity of the Native American civilization here in our own country."
The great stone calendar deciphered by Professor Rivas is the history of the Mexica nation and its migration south from the Redlands of America. It also contains the knowledge of the Venutian cycle and the simple mathematical computations to record the cycles of Venus.
Dr. Orozco said, " The formula needed by the Mexica and the Mayas for their calendars comes from the haunting pictographs of Head of Sinbad, Black Dragon Canyon, and Barrier Creek in Horseshoe Canyon in Utah.
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